Carl Daniel Ekman was one of the most important chemists in the development of the modern paper industry.  He was born in Sweden and in 1872 he produced a sulphite pulp process to manufacture superior paper.  This process was used on a large scale in England by 1880.

Ekman settled in England in 1883 where he acquired a comprehensive practice as a consulting engineer in the erection of pulp mills.  The first of these was at Northfleet and was controlled by the Ekman Pulp and Paper Company.

A lawsuit against Ekman over the disposing of some sulphite waste into a nearby quarry, causing the formation of sulphurous acid, ended his business. The New Northfleet Paper mills took over his business in 1903. The site was sold and cleared in the 1970’s.

Doctor Ekman died in November 1904 and on 19 November 1934 the Swedish Cellulose Association unveiled a black granite monument at Northfleet Cemetery in his memory.


Taken from ‘Paper Making:  The History and Technique of an Ancient Craft’ by Dard Hunter published in 1978.